Dentists examine, treat and prevent diseases and injuries in the oral and maxillofacial area. The specialities of dentists are:
- filling teeth with cavities
- oral inflammation treatment
- orthodontic treatment
- tooth extraction
- prosthodontics, replacement of missing teeth
- disturbances of the occlusal system, such as pain in the temporomandibular joint or masticatory muscles
The care provided by a dentist begins with a dental check-up in which the entire mouth is examined. The dentist examines the teeth, previous fillings and detects any possible cavities or developing cavities. In addition, the dentist checks the amount of tartar and the condition of the supporting structures of the teeth, temporomandibular and occlusal joints and the oral mucosa. If there is pain in the gums or teeth, the reason for this is examined during the dental check-up. The check-up also includes an X-ray scan.
If dental caries, also known as cavities, gingivitis or other oral problems are detected in the dental check-up, the dentist will refer you to further treatment. The further treatment can be performed by a dentist, dental hygienist or a dental specialist, depending on your needs.
When should I see a dentist?
Regular appointments with a dentist are recommended, but the suitable frequency of appointments is individual. The teeth are more susceptible to developing cavities if you have any chronic diseases or developmental disturbances of the tooth enamel. Your diet and the amount of saliva you produce also have an effect on the development of cavities.
If you experience pain or other symptoms in your teeth or mouth, you should visit a dentist. Reasons for booking an appointment include:
- constant hypersensitivity
- gum pain or bleeding gums
- swinging or loose teeth
- darkening of a single tooth
- occlusal problems, such as jaw popping or pain in the facial area and/or ears
- mouth injuries