Tooth extraction may be necessary if the tooth is in very bad condition and it cannot be treated. Extraction may be necessary, for example, if a filling cannot be placed in the tooth, there is severe gingivitis next to the tooth or the root canal treatment performed on the tooth is not successful.
If tooth extraction is required, it is often indicative of something gone wrong in your personal care or the services provided by a dentist. Because of this, you should consult your dentist on how you can improve your oral and dental health. If a tooth must be extracted due to advanced gingivitis, for instance, there is a risk that other teeth may also have to be extracted.
How is tooth extraction performed?
In most cases, tooth extraction is a very simple procedure. The dentist will administer an anaesthetic to the gum and pull the tooth from its socket. The area of extraction may be sore and swollen for a while, but in most cases, you will be feeling fine on the following day.
If the tooth is broken into pieces or the roots of the tooth are curved, the extraction of the tooth may require surgery. The operation is performed under local or general anaesthesia. It takes about three days to a week to recover from the operation.
Tooth extraction should always be planned carefully. In most cases, it is recommended to book a separate planning appointment in which the dentist will examine the tooth to be extracted carefully. If a dentist or surgeon performs a carefully planned tooth extraction, the less likely the extraction is to cause complications.
Learn more: Wisdom tooth extraction
What an extracted tooth is replaced with?
Before the extraction of a tooth, it should be planned what to replace the extracted tooth with. Incisors are not required for occlusion or the dental arch, but not many of us feel comfortable without them.
Molars are very important for occlusion. If a molar is extracted, other teeth may start moving. The antagonist tooth, i.e. an opposing tooth above/below the tooth to be extracted, may also become hyperextended. Consequently, it is not typically recommended to leave an empty space in the mouth. In some cases, however, the space occupied by a small premolar tooth can be left empty.
It is common to fill the empty space with a dental implant. In some cases, the dentist can place a dental implant in place of the extracted tooth in the same procedure where the tooth is extracted.
Tooth extraction prices
The price of tooth extraction varies according to the difficulty of the procedure. A dentist will assess the difficulty of the procedure at the planning appointment.
The expert consulted for the article was Olli Teronen, a dental specialist and an oral and maxillofacial surgeon.