Gingivitis is an oral disease that results from bacterial plaque accumulating in the gumline and between the teeth. The tissue surrounding and supporting the tooth, also known as the gum, becomes inflamed. This is usually due to insufficient dental cleaning.
Symptoms of gingivitis
Typical symptoms of gingivitis include:
• redness, sensitivity and pain in the gums
• bleeding gums, for example when brushing your teeth
• an unpleasant taste in the mouth and bad breath
Treatment of gingivitis
Untreated gingivitis may lead to periodontitis, in other words damage to the connective tissue of the teeth. This may result in loose or even dislocated teeth.
Untreated gingivitis also increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes as well as other health issues.
When should I see a dentist?
Advanced gingivitis requires an appointment with a dental hygienist or a dentist, depending on the situation. The dental hygienist or dentist cleans the gums and removes tartar. Extremely advanced gingivitis requires a cleaning performed by a dentist or a dental specialist. If the inflammation is deep in the root of the tooth, gum surgery may be necessary.
Prevention is the best medicine for gingivitis
Gingivitis is treated and prevented by keeping the surfaces of the teeth clean of bacterial plaque. Prevention is the best treatment for gingivitis. Remember to brush your teeth thoroughly twice a day. Clean between your teeth every day using floss, a dental stick or an interdental brush. If your gums bleed when brushing your teeth, try to clean the bleeding area more frequently and thoroughly for a few days.
Don’t forget regular visits to the dentist or a dental hygienist. Healthy eating habits and moderate consumption of sweets and soft drinks will help prevent gingivitis.
Book an appointment for a dental check-up in Mehiläinen’s booking system or my calling our customer service: +358 (0)10 273 8000 (0,0835 €/call + 0,1669 €/min).
The Digital Clinic for dental and oral health is also open every day of the year.